Reconciliation incorporates, not only conflict resolution, but the search for truth, justice, forgiveness and accommodation between conflicting groups or people.
It helps build trust and, as a result, a sustained peace and new social pact.
“There is no handy roadmap for reconciliation. There is no short cut or simple prescription for healing the wounds and divisions of a society in the aftermath of sustained violence. Creating trust and understanding between former enemies is a supremely difficult challenge. It is, however, an essential one to address in the process of building a lasting peace. Examining the painful past, acknowledging it and understanding it, and above all transcending it together, is the best way to guarantee that it does not – and cannot – happen again.” – Desmond Tutu